Pub. online:7 Aug 2023Type:Statistical Data ScienceOpen Access
Journal:Journal of Data Science
Volume 21, Issue 3 (2023): Special Issue: Advances in Network Data Science, pp. 508–522
We propose a simple mixed membership model for social network clustering in this paper. A flexible function is adopted to measure affinities among a set of entities in a social network. The model not only allows each entity in the network to possess more than one membership, but also provides accurate statistical inference about network structure. We estimate the membership parameters using an MCMC algorithm. We evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm by applying our model to two empirical social network data, the Zachary club data and the bottlenose dolphin network data. We also conduct some numerical studies based on synthetic networks for further assessing the effectiveness of our algorithm. In the end, some concluding remarks and future work are addressed briefly.
Pub. online:25 Jul 2023Type:Computing In Data ScienceOpen Access
Journal:Journal of Data Science
Volume 21, Issue 3 (2023): Special Issue: Advances in Network Data Science, pp. 538–556
Preferential attachment (PA) network models have a wide range of applications in various scientific disciplines. Efficient generation of large-scale PA networks helps uncover their structural properties and facilitate the development of associated analytical methodologies. Existing software packages only provide limited functions for this purpose with restricted configurations and efficiency. We present a generic, user-friendly implementation of weighted, directed PA network generation with R package wdnet. The core algorithm is based on an efficient binary tree approach. The package further allows adding multiple edges at a time, heterogeneous reciprocal edges, and user-specified preference functions. The engine under the hood is implemented in C++. Usages of the package are illustrated with detailed explanation. A benchmark study shows that wdnet is efficient for generating general PA networks not available in other packages. In restricted settings that can be handled by existing packages, wdnet provides comparable efficiency.
As the COVID-19 pandemic has strongly disrupted people’s daily work and life, a great amount of scientific research has been conducted to understand the key characteristics of this new epidemic. In this manuscript, we focus on four crucial epidemic metrics with regard to the COVID-19, namely the basic reproduction number, the incubation period, the serial interval and the epidemic doubling time. We collect relevant studies based on the COVID-19 data in China and conduct a meta-analysis to obtain pooled estimates on the four metrics. From the summary results, we conclude that the COVID-19 has stronger transmissibility than SARS, implying that stringent public health strategies are necessary.
The spreading pattern of COVID-19 in the early months of the pandemic differs a lot across the states in the US under different quarantine measures and reopening policies. We proposed to cluster the US states into distinct communities based on the daily new confirmed case counts from March 22 to July 25 via a nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) followed by a k-means clustering procedure on the coefficients of the NMF basis. A cross-validation method was employed to select the rank of the NMF. The method clustered the 49 continental states (including the District of Columbia) into 7 groups, two of which contained a single state. To investigate the dynamics of the clustering results over time, the same method was successively applied to the time periods with an increment of one week, starting from the period of March 22 to March 28. The results suggested a change point in the clustering in the week starting on May 30, caused by a combined impact of both quarantine measures and reopening policies.