Abstract: Chen, Bunce and Jiang [In: Proceedings of the International Con ference on Computational Intelligence and Software Engineering, pp. 1-4] claim to have proposed a new extreme value distribution. But the formulas given for the distribution do not form a valid probability distribution. Here, we correct their formulas to form a valid probability distribution. For this valid distribution, we provide a comprehensive treatment of mathematical properties, estimate parameters by the method of maximum likelihood and provide the observed information matrix. The flexibility of the distribution is illustrated using a real data set.
Abstract: When comparing the performance of health care providers, it is important that the effect of such factors that have an unwanted effect on the performance indicator (eg. mortality) is ruled out. In register based studies randomization is out of question. We develop a risk adjustment model for hip fracture mortality in Finland by using logistic regression. The model is used to study the impact of the length of the register follow-up period on adjusting the performance indicator for a set of comorbidities. The comorbidities are congestive heart failure, cancer and diabetes. We also introduce an implementation of the minimum description length (MDL) principle for model selection in logistic regression. This is done by using the normalized maximum likelihood (NML) technique. The computational burden becomes too heavy to apply the usual NML criterion and therefore a technique based on the idea of sequentially normalized maximum likelihood (sNML) is introduced. The sNML criterion can be evaluated efficiently also for large models with large amounts of data. The results given by sNML are then compared to the corresponding results given by the traditional AIC and BIC model selection criteria. All three comorbidities have clearly an effect on hip fracture mortality. The results indicate that for congestive heart failure all available medical history should be used, while for cancer it is enough to use only records from half a year before the fracture. For diabetes the choice of time period is not as clear, but using records from three years before the fracture seems to be a reasonable choice.
Abstract: We introduce a new class of the slash distribution using folded normal distribution. The proposed model defined on non-negative measure ments extends the slashed half normal distribution and has higher kurtosis than the ordinary half normal distribution. We study the characterization and properties involving moments and some measures based on moments of this distribution. Finally, we illustrate the proposed model with a simulation study and a real application.
The generalized gamma model has been used in several applied areas such as engineering, economics and survival analysis. We provide an extension of this model called the transmuted generalized gamma distribution, which includes as special cases some lifetime distributions. The proposed density function can be represented as a mixture of generalized gamma densities. Some mathematical properties of the new model such as the moments, generating function, mean deviations and Bonferroni and Lorenz curves are provided. We estimate the model parameters using maximum likelihood. We prove that the proposed distribution can be a competitive model in lifetime applications by means of a real data set.
We introduce the four-parameter Kumaraswamy Gompertz distribution. We obtain the moments, generating and quantilefunctions, Shannon and Rényi entropies, mean deviations and Bonferroni and Lorenz curves. We provide a mixture representation for the density function of the order statistics. We discuss the estimation of the model parameters by maximum likelihood. We provide an application a real data set that illustrates the usefulness of the new model.
We introduce a four-parameter distribution, called the Zografos-Balakrishnan Burr XII distribution. Our purpose is to provide a Burr XII generalization that may be useful to still more complex situations. The new distribution may be an interesting alternative to describe income distributions and can also be applied in actuarial science, finance, bioscience, telecommunications and modelling lifetime data, for example. It contains as special models some well-known distributions, such as the log-logistic, Weibull, Lomax and Burr XII distributions, among others. Some of its structural properties are investigated. The method of maximum likelihood is used for estimating the model parameters and a simulation study is conducted. We provide two application to real data to demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed distribution. Since the Risti´c-Balakrishnan Burr XII distribution has a similar structure to the studied distribution, we also present some of its properties and expansions.
Abstract: We introduce a new class of continuous distributions called the Ku maraswamy transmuted-G family which extends the transmuted class defined by Shaw and Buckley (2007). Some special models of the new family are provided. Some of its mathematical properties including explicit expressions for the ordinary and incomplete moments, generating function, Rényi and Shannon entropies, order statistics and probability weighted moments are derived. The maximum likelihood is used for estimating the model parameters. The flexibility of the generated family is illustrated by means of two applications to real data sets.
Abstract: The generalized gamma model has been used in several applied areas such as engineering, economics and survival analysis. We provide an extension of this model called the transmuted generalized gamma distribution, which includes as special cases some lifetime distributions. The proposed density function can be represented as a mixture of generalized gamma densities. Some mathematical properties of the new model such as the moments, generating function, mean deviations and Bonferroni and Lorenz curves are provided. We estimate the model parameters using maximum likelihood. We prove that the proposed distribution can be a competitive model in lifetime applications by means of a real data set.
Abstract: We study a new five-parameter model called the extended Dagum distribution. The proposed model contains as special cases the log-logistic and Burr III distributions, among others. We derive the moments, generating and quantile functions, mean deviations and Bonferroni, Lorenz and Zenga curves. We obtain the density function of the order statistics. The parameters are estimated by the method of maximum likelihood. The observed information matrix is determined. An application to real data illustrates the importance of the new model.
In this paper we use the maximum likelihood (ML) and the modified maximum likelihood (MML) methods to estimate the unknown parameters of the inverse Weibull (IW) distribution as well as the corresponding approximate confidence intervals. The estimates of the unknown parameters are obtained based on two sampling schemes, namely, simple random sampling (SRS) and ranked set sampling (RSS). Comparison between the different proposed estimators is made through simulation via their mean square errors (MSE), Pitman nearness probability (PN) and confidence length.