Pub. online:9 Nov 2022Type:Statistical Data ScienceOpen Access
Journal:Journal of Data Science
Volume 20, Issue 4 (2022): Special Issue: Large-Scale Spatial Data Science, pp. 566–584
The article presents a methodology for supervised regionalization of data on a spatial domain. Defining a spatial process at multiple scales leads to the famous ecological fallacy problem. Here, we use the ecological fallacy as the basis for a minimization criterion to obtain the intended regions. The Karhunen-Loève Expansion of the spatial process maintains the relationship between the realizations from multiple resolutions. Specifically, we use the Karhunen-Loève Expansion to define the regionalization error so that the ecological fallacy is minimized. The contiguous regionalization is done using the minimum spanning tree formed from the spatial locations and the data. Then, regionalization becomes similar to pruning edges from the minimum spanning tree. The methodology is demonstrated using simulated and real data examples.