Abstract: Interval estimation for the proportion parameter in one-sample misclassified binary data has caught much interest in the literature. Re cently, an approximate Bayesian approach has been proposed. This ap proach is simpler to implement and performs better than existing frequen tist approaches. However, because a normal approximation to the marginal posterior density was used in this Bayesian approach, some efficiency may be lost. We develop a closed-form fully Bayesian algorithm which draws a posterior sample of the proportion parameter from the exact marginal posterior distribution. We conducted simulations to show that our fully Bayesian algorithm is easier to implement and has better coverage than the approximate Bayesian approach.
Abstract: In this paper we consider clinical trials with two treatments and a non-normally distributed response variable. In addition, we focus on ap plications which include only discrete covariates and their interactions. For such applications, the semi-parametric Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) regression model proposed by Dodd and Pepe (2003) can be used. However, because a logistic regression procedure is used to obtain parameter estimates and a bootstrapping method is needed for computing parameter standard errors, their method may be cumbersome to implement. In this paper we propose to use a set of AUC estimates to obtain parameter estimates and combine DeLong’s method and the delta method for computing parameter standard errors. Our new method avoids heavy computation associated with the Dodd and Pepe’s method and hence is easy to implement. We conduct simulation studies to show that the two methods yield similar results. Finally, we illustrate our new method using data from urinary incontinence clinical trials.
In this article, we considered the analysis of data with a non-normally distributed response variable. In particular, we extended an existing Area Under the Curve (AUC) regression model that handles only two discrete covariates to a general AUC regression model that can be used to analyze data with unrestricted number of discrete covariates. Comparing with other similar methods which require iterative algorithms and bootstrap procedure, our method involved only closed-form formulae for parameter estimation. Additionally, we also discussed the issue of model identifiability. Our model has broad applicability in clinical trials due to the ease of interpretation on model parameters. We applied our model to analyze a clinical trial evaluating the effects of educational brochures for preventing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Finally, for a variety of simulation scenarios, our method produced parameter estimates with small biases and confidence intervals with nominal coverage probabilities.