Factor Analysis is one of the data mining methods that can be used to analyse, mainly large-scale, multi-variable datasets. The main objective of this method is to derive a set of uncorrelated variables for further analysis when the use of highly inter-correlated variables may give misleading results in regression analysis. In the light of the vast and broad advances that have occurred in factor analysis due largely to the advent of electronic computers, this article attempt to provide researchers with a simplified approach to comprehend how exploratory factors analysis work, and to provide a guide of application using R. This multivariate mathematical method is an important tool which very often used in the development and evaluation of tests and measures that can be used in biomedical research. The paper comes to the conclusion that the factor analysis is a proper method used in biomedical research, just because clinical readers can better interpret and evaluate their goal and results.
Factor analysis (FA) is the most commonly used pattern recognition methodology in social and health research. A technique that may help to better retrieve true information from FA is the rotation of the information axes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the selection of rotation type affects the repeatability of the patterns derived from FA, under various scenarios of random error introduced, based on simulated data from the Standard Normal distribution. It was observed that when applying promax non - orthogonal rotation, the results were more repeatable as compared to the orthogonal rotation, irrespective of the level of random error introduced in the model.