Pub. online:14 Feb 2023Type:Data Science In ActionOpen Access
Journal:Journal of Data Science
Volume 21, Issue 2 (2023): Special Issue: Symposium Data Science and Statistics 2022, pp. 205–224
Malignant mesotheliomas are aggressive cancers that occur in the thin layer of tissue that covers most commonly the linings of the chest or abdomen. Though the cancer itself is rare and deadly, early diagnosis will help with treatment and improve outcomes. Mesothelioma is usually diagnosed in the later stages. Symptoms are similar to other, more common conditions. As such, predicting and diagnosing mesothelioma early is essential to starting early treatment for a cancer that is often diagnosed too late. The goal of this comprehensive empirical comparison is to determine the best-performing model based on recall (sensitivity). We particularly wish to avoid false negatives, as it is costly to diagnose a patient as healthy when they actually have cancer. Model training will be conducted based on k-fold cross validation. Random forest is chosen as the optimal model. According to this model, age and duration of asbestos exposure are ranked as the most important features affecting diagnosis of mesothelioma.