Abstract: Mixture of Weibull distributions has wide application in modeling of heterogeneous data sets. The parameter estimation is one of the most important problems related to mixture of Weibull distributions. In this pa per, we propose a L-moment estimation method for mixture of two Weibull distributions. The proposed method is compared with maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method according to the bias, the mean absolute error, the mean total error and completion time of the algorithm (time) by sim ulation study. Also, applications to real data sets are given to show the flexibility and potentiality of the proposed estimation method. The com parison shows that, the proposed method is better than MLE method.
Abstract: Identification of representative regimes of wave height and direction under different wind conditions is complicated by issues that relate to the specification of the joint distribution of variables that are defined on linear and circular supports and the occurrence of missing values. We take a latent-class approach and jointly model wave and wind data by a finite mixture of conditionally independent Gamma and von Mises distributions. Maximum-likelihood estimates of parameters are obtained by exploiting a suitable EM algorithm that allows for missing data. The proposed model is validated on hourly marine data obtained from a buoy and two tide gauges in the Adriatic Sea.
Following the outbreak of COVID-19, various containment measures have been taken, including the use of quarantine. At present, the quarantine period is the same for everyone, since it is implicitly assumed that the incubation period distribution of COVID-19 is the same regardless of age or gender. For testing the effects of age and gender on the incubation period of COVID-19, a novel two-component mixture regression model is proposed. An expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm is adopted to obtain estimates of the parameters of interest, and the simulation results show that the proposed method outperforms the simple regression method and has robustness. The proposed method is applied to a Zhejiang COVID-19 dataset, and it is found that age and gender statistically have no effect on the incubation period of COVID-19, which indicates that the quarantine measure currently in operation is reasonable.
Abstract: In maximum likelihood exploratory factor analysis, the estimates of unique variances can often turn out to be zero or negative, which makes no sense from a statistical point of view. In order to overcome this difficulty, we employ a Bayesian approach by specifying a prior distribution for the variances of unique factors. The factor analysis model is estimated by EM algorithm, for which we provide the expectation and maximization steps within a general framework of EM algorithms. Crucial issues in Bayesian factor analysis model are the choice of adjusted parameters including the number of factors and also the hyper-parameters for the prior distribution. The choice of these parameters can be viewed as a model selection and evaluation problem. We derive a model selection criterion for evaluating a Bayesian factor analysis model. Monte Carlo simulations are conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the proposed procedure. A real data example is also given to illustrate our procedure. We observe that our modeling procedure prevents the occurrence of improper solutions and also chooses the appropriate number of factors objectively.